Applications
Applications

BEDRAIN Drainage Grids

“Soil drainage is the removal of water from the ground via a drainage layer and drainage pipes to prevent the build-up of pressing water. Elutriation of the soil particles should not occur (soil particles should not be able to pass through the drainage system).” This short but precise definition is given in German standard DIN 4095 to describe an important construction task.

In addition to its vital role as a natural resource, water also presents a professional challenge for geologists, engineers and environmentalists.

It is not always possible to predict with the required precision where and in what quantities water will collect. But structures still need to be constructed with adequately reliable structural stability. At the same time, responsible handling of this valuable resource is very important.

Your advantages

High drainage capacity maintained with an overburden of up to 1,000 kPa

Excellent chemical resistance

Good cost-benefit ratio

Outstanding long-term stability

General

BEDRAIN Drainage Grids are particularly resistant geotextiles with a drainage core made of extruded high-density polyethylene (HDPE). This polymer demonstrates excellent chemical resistance, even to aggressive media such as soils with a high pH value. BEDRAIN Drainage Grids have excellent resistance to compressive loading. The high tensile strength of the material also enables it to withstand high mechanical loading, during installation for example. Depending on the type of application, a geotextile filter or a geotextile and a membrane can be bonded on one or both sides of the drainage core.

For structures that come into contact with soil, in the fields of civil engineering, building and geotechnics, the various loading cases caused by water can be divided into three main groups:

  • Soil moisture
  • Non-pressing water
  • Pressing water In the case of non-pressing and pressing water, BEDRAIN Drainage Grids provide useful solutions to design requirements.

Functions

Drainage

BEDRAIN Drainage Grids can be used to full advantage on any reasonably even surface. It doesn't matter whether the surface against which the BEDRAIN Drainage Grids are to be laid is a soil subgrade or a vertical structure or building element.

BEDRAIN Drainage Grids can be laid both horizontally and vertically. The excellent pressure/compression characteristics of the grid maintain the required drainage capacity even under very heavy loading, to ensure unpressurised discharge of the collected water. Depending on the type of application, ground water, aquifer water or surface water can be systematically collected and drained away.

Filtration

The non-woven geotextile that is bonded to the grid acts as a filter, holding back the fine soil particles and preventing them from being washed into the drainage core. The ideal aperture width creates a stable filter system, effective for all common types of soil.

Separation

BEDRAIN Drainage Grids can also be used as a separation layer in the boundary layer between two different types of soil. This can increase erosion stability and also lead to an increase in interfacial tension due to the draining of the interface. This increase in tension at the contact surface is an important factor in the structural analysis of surface sealing systems in landfill sites, for instance.


Applications

Bridge abutments (in compliance with specification drawing RiZ Was 7)

BEDRAIN Drainage Grids with a bonded geotextile on both sides meet the requirements of specification drawing “Was 7” for the drainage of contact surfaces between bridge abutments and backfill materials.

They also represent a cost-effective alternative to hand-laid concrete filter blocks, since the rolls of drainage grid are significantly easier and quicker to install.

Bridge abutments (in compliance with specification drawing RiZ Was 7): 1. Coarse-grained soil | 2. Backfill | 3. BEDRAIN Drainage Grids | 4. Base drainage pipe | 5. Concrete base | 6. In-situ soil

Bridge abutments (in compliance with specification drawing RiZ Was 7)

  1. Coarse-grained soil
  2. Backfill
  3. BEDRAIN Drainage Grids
  4. Base drainage pipe
  5. Concrete base
  6. In-situ soil

Protection of structures and buildings

As with bridge abutments, BEDRAIN Drainage Grids can be used on the soil side behind L-shaped retaining elements or other facing elements. The filtering function of the bonded geotextile is of particular benefit here. The fine particles of the backfill soil cannot be washed out. As a rule, a drainage grid with a geotextile bonded on just one side, the side in contact with soil, is sufficient.

As in the two previous examples, BEDRAIN Drainage Grids can also be used to provide vertical drainage for basement walls. The grids support the sealing effect of a bituminous waterproofing coat and protect it from damage when the excavation is backfilled and compacted.

Drainage of backfill to structures: 1. Backfill | 2. BEDRAIN Drainage Grids | 3. Seepage water | 4. Perforated pipe | 5. Protective layer

Drainage of backfill to structures

  1. Backfill
  2. BEDRAIN Drainage Grids
  3. Seepage water
  4. Perforated pipe
  5. Protective layer

Landfill sites and contaminated sites

Due to their excellent resistance to ageing and chemical attack, BEDRAIN Drainage Grids can be used for the purpose of gas and water drainage in landfill sites.

As part of the surface sealing system of landfill and contaminated sites, BEDRAIN Drainage Grids increase the structural stability of the sealing system by draining seepage water away quickly and effectively.

Landfill and contaminated sites: 1. Recultivation layer | 2. BEDRAIN Drainage Grids | 3. BENTOMAT Geosynthetic Clay Liner | 4. Regulating course | 5. Geotextile as a separating layer | 6. Waste

Landfill and contaminated sites

  1. Recultivation layer
  2. BEDRAIN Drainage Grids
  3. BENTOMAT Geosynthetic Clay Liner
  4. Regulating course
  5. Geotextile as a separating layer
  6. Waste

Paved surfaces

One of the special features of BEDRAIN Drainage Grids is their suitability for use as a high-performance horizontal drainage layer under roads and paved areas.

The combined benefits of reduced layer thickness and high drainage capacity, even under heavy loading, make it possible to create stable solutions for green roofs, multi-storey car parks, tunnels etc.

Paved surfaces: 1. Paving | 2. Sand bedding | 3. Non-woven separation and filter fabric | 4. Base course | 5. BEDRAIN Drainage Grids | 6. Roof sealing membrane

Paved surfaces

  1. Paving
  2. Sand bedding
  3. Non-woven separation and filter fabric
  4. Base course
  5. BEDRAIN Drainage Grids
  6. Roof sealing membrane

Data

PropertiesVG 1VG 3VGV 1VGV 3WAS 7
Product typeDrainage grid with
one-sided non-woven fabric
Drainage grid with
double-sided non-woven fabric
Raw materialDrainage grid: PEHD; Non-woven: PP
Dicke (mm)5,39,65,510,05,0
Non-woven160 g/m2120 g/m2
Fields of application
Bridge abutments
Roof greening
Landfill construction and
contaminated sites
Drainage systems
Foundation wall protection
parking decks
Road and traffic areas
Underground car park greening
Tunnel constructions
● suitable
Special types available on request.

Installation

  1. The subsoil surface should be as smooth and even as possible in order to ensure full contact with the composite material across its entire surface.
  2. The drainage grid must be laid flat and without creasing. Creases resulting from the shape of the structure should be removed by cutting the material and allowing it to overlap like roof shingles.
  3. The longitudinal joints must be formed by butting the drainage cores together. The geotextile that projects on one side should overlap the neighbouring grid to form a continuous filter layer. At the edges of the area to be drained, the geotextile overlap at the sides should be folded down around the drainage core to prevent fine particles from washing into the drainage grid from the side.
  4. At the end faces of the area to be drained, a strip must be cut from the drainage core so that the nonwoven geotextile overlaps and can be folded around the end faces of the drainage core in the same way as at the sides. Alternatively, an additional nonwoven geotextile can be used.
  5. Vehicles must not drive directly on the geosynthetic material. When filling and compacting material on top of the drainage grid, care must be taken to prevent displacement or creasing of the drainage grid.

Our detailed installation and laying instructions for BEDRAIN Drainage Grids must also be observed.

Advantages

  • High drainage capacity maintained with an overburden of up to 1,000 kPa
  • Excellent chemical resistance (even to chlorinated hydrocarbons), well into the highly alkaline range
  • Robust, to cope with installation conditions on site
  • Easy to prepare and easy to lay
  • The bonded nonwoven geotextile has good mechanical and hydraulic filter properties
  • Outstanding long-term stability
  • Good cost-benefit ratio

Gallery

Further information about:
BEDRAIN Drainage Grids

Downloads

BEDRAIN Drainage Grids

BEDRAIN Drainagegitter

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